Introduction to ICDS
Objectives of ICDS
Services under the ICDS
Funding Pattern
Rules and Regulations under ICDS
ICDS TEAM
Monitoring and Evaluation
Honorarium
Monthly Progress Reports ICDS Scheme Delhi
Budget Allocation and Expenditure
List of Projects and Aanganwadi Centres
Services under the ICDS

Objectives of ICDS are sought to be achieved through a package of services comprising of:

  • Supplementary Nutrition
  • Immunization
  • Health Check-up
  • Referral Services
  • Pre-school Non-Formal education and
  • Nutrition & Health Education

The concept of providing a package of services is based primarily on the consideration that the overall impact will be much larger if different services develop in an integrated manner as the efficacy of a particular service depends upon the support it receives from related services.

Services* Target Group Service Providers
Supplementary Nutrition Children below 6 years:Pregnant & Lactating Mother (P&LM) Anganwadi Worker and Anganwadi Helper
Immunization Children below 6 years:Pregnant & Lactating Mother ANM/MO
Health Check-up Children below 6 years:Pregnant & Lactating Mother ANM/MO/AWW
Referral Services Children below 6 years:Pregnant & Lactating Mother AWW/ANM/MO
Pre-School Education Children 3-6 years AWW
Nutrition & Health Education Women (15-45 years) AWW/ANM/MO

* Three of the six services namely Immunization, Health Check-up and Referral Services are delivered through public health infrastructure.

I. SUPPLEMENTARY NUTRITION: This includes supplementary feeding and growth monitoring. All families in the community are surveyed, to identify children below the age of six and pregnant & nursing mothers. By providing supplementary feeding, the Anganwadi attempts to bridge the calorie gap between the national recommended and average intake of children and women in low income and disadvantaged communities. Some of the main activities undertaken are:

a) Growth monitoring and nutrition surveillance - Children below the age of three years of age are weighed once a month and children 3-6 years of age are weighed quarterly. Weight-for-age growth cards are maintained for all children below six years. This helps to detect growth faltering and helps in assessing nutritional status. Besides, severely malnourished children are given special supplementary feeding and referred to medical services.

b) Supplementary Nutrition is being given to children below 6 years of age in the form of weaning food (for children up to one year), morning snacks and hot cooked meal. The Mother Non Profit Organizations/SHG concerned supply the required quantity of cooked food/weaning food based on the indent of the concerned Anganwadi worker. Anganwadi worker has the responsibility of placing a daily indent for morning snacks, hot cooked meals and a weekly indent for weaning food to their respective NPO. Supplementary nutrition food items are being provided for three hundred days in a year by the respective NPOs/SHGs in each ICDS project. Each SHG has its own separate kitchen to prepare hot cooked meals/morning snacks for the target beneficiaries in their project. The NPOs are regularly monitored and given directions for ensuring safety and hygienic parameters in the kitchens being run by their SHGs in terms of infrastructure, raw material, safe drinking water being used for preparation of supplementary food, and also during the transportation of the food at the doorstep of the AWCs.

c) Awareness with respect to exclusive breastfeeding is given to all women in the age group of 15-45 years, priority being given to adolescent girls, nursing and expectant mothers. Messages associated with the benefits of breastfeeding & related health aspects are being imparted through home visits, mahila mandals, cooking demonstrations, specially organized courses and campaigns in project areas with the coordination of Food and Nutrition Board, State Unit.

AWCs are functional in rental accommodation in Delhi and therefore clean drinking water in matkas/pot covered with lid is made available to the target beneficiaries. Cleanliness of Anganwadi Centres and its immediate surrounding areas is always being taken on priority. Directions have been issued to all projects to observe cleanliness in and around the anganwadi centres and to liaise with the concerned MCD for problems related to safe drinking water/sanitation/public toilet/security.

II. IMMUNIZATION: Immunization of pregnant women and infants protects children from six vaccine preventable diseases namely, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, tuberculosis and measles. These are major preventable causes of child mortality, disability, morbidity and related malnutrition. Immunization of pregnant women against tetanus also reduces maternal and neonatal mortality.

III. HEALTH CHECK-UPS: This includes health care of children less than six years of age, antenatal care of expectant mothers and postnatal care of nursing mothers. Various health services provided for children by anganwadi workers and Primary Health Centre (PHC) staff include regular health check-ups, recording of weight, immunization, management of malnutrition, treatment of diarrhoea, de-worming and distribution of simple medicines etc.

IV. REFERRAL SERVICES: During health check-ups and growth monitoring, sick or malnourished children, in need of prompt medical attention, are referred to the Primary Health Centre or its sub-centre.

V. PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION (PSE): The non-formal pre-school education (PSE) component of the ICDS is one of its most significant components, since all its services essentially converge at the anganwadi – a village courtyard. Anganwadi Centre (AWC) – a village courtyard – is the main platform for delivering of these services. These AWCs have been set up in every J.J cluster, resettlement colony and village. PSE, as envisaged in the ICDS, focuses on a total development of the child, in the age up to six years, mainly from the underprivileged groups. The early learning component of the ICDS is a significant input for providing a sound foundation for cumulative lifelong learning and development. It also contributes to the universalization of primary education, by providing to the child necessary preparation for primary schooling and offering substitute care to younger siblings, thus freeing the older ones – especially girls – to attend school.

VI. NUTRITION AND HEALTH EDUCATION: Nutrition, Health and Education (NHE) is a key element of the work of the anganwadi worker. This has the long term goal of capacity-building of women – especially in the age group of 15-45 years – so that they can look after their own health, nutrition and development needs as well as that of their children and families.

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Last updated:07 Mar, 2014